Divorce Mediation

Can I Get a Divorce Without a Lawyer?

Divorce Without a LawyerIt’s a common misconception that you need to hire a lawyer for divorce.

There is no law anywhere that requires you to involve attorneys at any point during your divorce negotiations.

And if you so choose, not even for the filing.

Most couples hire divorce lawyers because they don’t know there’s a better alternative or they think their case is much too difficult to be handled any other way.

There's no doubt the issues surrounding divorce are complex so it’s best to work with someone who is well-versed in the areas that need to be resolved.

But that person is not necessarily a lawyer.

So if something in your gut is telling you that hiring a divorce attorney to represent you is a bad idea, then how can you get a divorce without a lawyer?

Divorce mediation.

You can negotiate your divorce without lawyers out of court if you mediate your divorce and work with Equitable Mediation.


Believe it or not, divorce is more about finances than about divorce law. In fact, three of the four issues that need to be resolved during a divorce are financial in nature.

So you are much better off choosing a divorce mediator with a financial background like me than a family law attorney without one.

- Divorce Mediator Joe Dillon



What is Divorce Mediation?

Divorce by mediation is a non-adversarial, alternative dispute resolution process led by a caring, impartial and neutral professional mediator that helps divorcing parties respectfully resolve the issues of divorce, out of court.

Mediation is an ideal divorce solution for how to get an uncontested divorce without an attorney.

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What are the Benefits of Divorce Mediation?

Using mediation for divorce allows couples to settle their differences like adults rather than fighting like children, while avoiding litigation in family court.

There are many benefits to mediating a divorce. Here are just a few...

  • Peaceful: Just because a couple has made the decision to end their marriage doesn't mean their divorce has to become a war. Divorce mediators help the parties attack problems, not each other - focusing on respectful dialog and finding agreement and solutions that benefit both spouses and their family. Enabling couples to have a peaceful and amicable divorce.
  • Fair and Equitable: The terms of the divorce agreement are fair because they are reached and agreed to by both spouses. One spouse cannot "win" at the expense of the other as resolutions must emerge from the process with a fair divorce settlement created and acceptable to both parties.
  • Less Expensive: Divorce mediation costs a fraction of a traditional lawyer-driven divorce, court trial or series of hearings.
  • Better for Your Children: Children aren’t caught in the middle of a confrontational litigated divorce or traumatic heated custody battle. Instead, parents work together to resolve the issues with the children’s best interests in mind. A non-adversarial approach fosters more agreement, improved communication, better parenting plans and a better co-parenting relationship.
  • Better for Results: Couples who mediate are more satisfied with the results. And child custody, child support and spousal support payments are more likely to be paid because they were mutually agreed upon.
  • Dignified: Instead of the cold, traditional divorce process through the courts where a couple is treated like a case file or docket number, mediation is a kinder, more human process. Divorce mediators enable the parties to end their marriage while maintaining self-respect and dignity.
  • Private and Confidential: In litigated divorces, everything submitted to the family law court is part of the public record, whereas in a mediation session, everything is private and confidential. No one will know what's being discussed except the two spouses and their mediator.
  • Faster: The pace of the process is controlled by the parties, instead of being at the mercy of lawyers' or a judge's schedule.

Regardless of whether you’re the initiator of the divorce proceedings or a reluctant spouse, you have a choice in which path forward you take.

You and your children will benefit when you choose divorce mediation - without lawyers.

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Joe and Cheryl made this entire process painless! They were knowledgeable, friendly, and respectful of our circumstances.

The best part of the mediation process was being in control of our own outcomes... This is something that often doesn't happen when lawyers are involved.

We've been able to separate in a friendly way that keeps our relationship intact, and most important, our children happy!

- D.S.



What Issues Can Divorce Mediation Resolve?

Mediation can resolve all of the issues necessary for your divorce.

These issues will vary in complexity based on your unique situation and may include, but are not limited to:

  • A parenting plan outlining parental responsibilities and time sharing arrangements for co-parenting your children post-divorce (some refer to this as custody);
  • Child support which is the financial support each parent will provide the children;
  • The division of marital assets and liabilities (also known as equitable distribution or community property - depending on the state you live in);
  • And how much, and for how long you will pay or receive alimony - which may also be referred to as spousal support, maintenance, or spousal maintenance depending on where you live.

Along with the four main issues listed above, divorce mediators can also help couples resolve a host of other important issues such as who will care for the family pet, religion your children will be raised in, etc.

Let's take a closer look at each of the four main issues...


Parenting Plans & Time Sharing:

Once you and your spouse divorce and establish separate households, there isn’t much you can do to eliminate the loneliness you might feel on nights your kids aren’t with you.

But you can make things easier on yourself and your children by negotiating a comprehensive parenting plan and time sharing arrangement.

In addition to the standard topics such as where the kids will spend nights, weekends and holidays, you’ll also need to agree on things like how they’ll get from house-to-house, who will help them with their homework and who will attend parent-teacher conferences, just to name a few.

Do you or your spouse travel overnight for work?

Will you need to change up the schedule occasionally?

And what about overnight guests during parenting time? It may be hard to think about that now, but there will come a day when you’ve moved past your divorce and you'll start seeing someone new.

These issues and many more must be covered in a good parenting plan.

The well-being of the children is often the most important concern for divorcing parents. And mediation is the best option if you want to create a thorough, customized and flexible parenting plan that's in the best interest of your kids.


Child Support & Expense Sharing:

Many people think child support is a simple calculation. But there’s so much more to it than simply calculating a support amount.

As it turns out, it's quite a complex negotiation.

There are a number of factors that can come into play when determining child support. And to make matters worse, every state in the US has a different formula.


NEW_EMS_logo_ICONTo learn more about the challenges of determining child support, visit our Where We Practice page and click on your state. Then navigate to the "What are the Issues that need to be resolved" section. 

We practice in California, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Washington, and Michigan.


Most parents think child support calculators output a specific dollar amount and that’s that. But the reality is these guidelines are just a starting point for negotiations.

Not only that, but there are a number of other expenses not covered by the basic support amount.

Figuring out who pays for what, who approves which expenses and what contribution is required from each parent can be tricky. And requires a skilled mediator to help moms and dads ensure the financial needs of their children will be met.

Much like when it comes to developing a parenting plan, if you have children, mediation is a great way to put them first and ensure your children don't become economic victims of divorce.


Division of Marital Assets & Liabilities:

The process of splitting marital property and debts in some/most states (including Illinois, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and Michigan, among others) are done under the guiding principles of Equitable Distribution. While it's done under the guiding principles of Community Property in California, Washington, and 7 others.

Regardless of whether you live in an "equitable distribution state" or a "community property state," it doesn't necessarily mean assets and liabilities will be split 50-50. It's up to the parties to decide.

Unless, of course, a judge gets involved and then they get to decide in court.

No matter whether they’re assets or liabilities, you’ll need to value them, negotiate how they'll be divided and move them from one column to another.

You need to be aware of the tax implications of certain transactions. And the paperwork required in executing such transactions. You’ll also want to be clear on what exactly is a marital asset or liability as some can be both marital and pre-marital.

The division of marital assets and liabilities is less about the law and more about money and negotiation. Making mediation an ideal forum to negotiate and come to agreement on this issue.



Alimony is the most emotional, most challenging and most difficult topic of all.

Simply stated, alimony is a payment from one ex-spouse to the other and is intended to aid the lower earning spouse in making the transition from married to single. It is not intended to unjustly enrich the recipient party, or punish the paying party.

It is strictly based on need and is gender neutral. Both men and women can receive alimony.

But unlike child support in which each state is required by the federal government to have a guideline calculation, there are very few guidelines available for alimony. And the ones that exist are open to interpretation and are quite controversial.

In addition to the difficulty in coming to an agreement, there are a host of other implications such as:

  • What if your income is variable?
  • How about bonuses? Are they included in the alimony discussion?
  • And the biggest question of all… when does alimony end?

We rarely encounter any of our clients choosing to use the alimony amount that any guideline in their state outputted. Instead, they want to discuss and negotiate and amount and duration they both think is fair.

Alimony is less about the law and more about money and negotiation. Once again making mediation the ideal forum to negotiate and come to agreement on this delicate issue.


NEW_EMS_logo_ICONTo learn more about the challenges of determining alimony, visit our Where We Practice page and click on your state. Then navigate to the "What are the Issues that need to be resolved" section. 

We practice in California, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Washington, and Michigan.


Divorce is a negotiation. So you will get the best possible result if you negotiate - and that's exactly what the mediation process is all about!

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I am happy I chose to mediate because during the entire process, I was completely in control of the settlement outcome and remained amicable with my now ex-husband.

We have been divorced almost 2 years and our family still interacts as a unit for holidays and birthdays. None of that could have been possible if we had chosen to battle our way through the legal system in court with divorce lawyers.

- R.R.



How Does Divorce Mediation Work? And What is The Role of The Mediator in a Divorce?

Our expert divorce mediator Joe Dillon will:

  • Actively engage you and your spouse through a series of discussions surrounding all the necessary issues to be resolved in the divorce (parenting plan, time sharing, child support, alimony, distribution of property, etc.);
  • Provide guidance about the financial matters relating to your divorce so you know what your financial picture will look like moving forward;
  • Listen to each of your wants, needs, concerns and goals;
  • Use a variety of techniques during your mediation sessions to help you and your spouse communicate, understand each other's interests, and negotiate when there are areas of disagreement;
  • Formulate ideas, bring options to the table and work with you to develop fair and equitable solutions;
  • Draft your agreement and a host of other supporting paperwork;

And ultimately help you and your spouse come to mutually acceptable agreements on all of the required issues to peacefully end your marriage out of court, and avoid the trauma that often results from more contentious divorce processes.

Simply stated, Equitable Mediation is the best way for how to get a divorce without a lawyer.

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We wanted to get through a very hard process the most civilized way possible. Equitable Mediation made that a reality.

Joe wasn't afraid to be stern if we got off-track. He went back to the basics well if we didn't understand something. His demeanor and personality made us feel at ease and confident we were working with someone truly neutral. And his child-focused, non-confrontational approach to divorce coupled with a high level of professionalism and ability to formulate creative solutions confirmed we chose the right mediator.

What we appreciated most about working with Joe and Equitable Mediation: Communication. Transparency. Structure.

- G.V.



Who are Good Candidates for Mediation in Divorce?

The best candidates meet all of the following criteria:

  • Spouses who want an experienced professional to help them identify and discuss the issues while retaining full control over the decisions they will make and full control over their settlement agreement;

    The divorce mediator will help the parties identify the issues and present a number of possible solutions, but will not give the parties legal advice or tell either party what to do.

  • Couples who are willing to engage in a good faith negotiation and be honest throughout the divorce and mediation process;

    Mediation is a transparent process so both parties must be willing to openly disclose all relevant information, whether financial or otherwise, to the mediator and to the other party and ensure the information is accurate, complete and truthful to the best of their knowledge. If either party is hiding assets or defrauding the other, mediation should not be used.

  • Couples where both spouses are willing to voluntarily attend and actively participate in divorce mediation;

    If one party wants to mediate but the other does not, mediation will not be a viable option for that couple's divorce.

  • Spouses who are both mentally capable of making their own decisions;

    Each party must be of sound mind and have the capacity to think, reason and understand for him/herself.

It doesn't matter if you are a high conflict or low conflict couple, whether one of you controlled the finances or you both balanced the checkbook, or if you have or don't have kids.

If you and your spouse meet the criteria listed above, you are good candidates for mediation and can successfully divorce without an attorney.

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Divorce Mediation vs Divorce Attorney: What are The Differences?

There's a lot more to these divorce methods and how they work, but here are just a few of the many differences between using divorce mediation vs a lawyer.

Attorney-Driven Divorce:

In an attorney-driven process, each spouse hires his/her own respective attorneys to represent them.

The two divorce lawyers will argue back and forth in court on issues of child custody and a parenting plan, division of property, alimony and child support.

Each lawyer will create strategies to fight and weaken the other party's position in order to "win" the divorce case for their respective client - even if it's at the detriment of the other spouse, the couple's children or the overall health of the family unit.

Divorces using attorneys are adversarial, contentious, expensive and take a long time to complete.


Divorce Mediation:

In divorce mediation, both spouses work with one mediator.

The divorce mediator is a neutral third party who does not take sides and does not give legal advice. Instead, the mediator helps both spouses communicate, negotiate directly (privately and out of court) and resolve all issues that pertain to their divorce.

Couples have the opportunity to voice their individual concerns, be heard and have direct input into the terms of their settlement agreement.

In mediation, there is no "win-lose" as the divorce mediator's goal is to help the couple reach fair and amicable solutions that prioritize their children's best interests.

Mediation is a more peaceful, less costly, confidential divorce method that takes significantly less time and produces better outcomes for divorcing spouses and their children.

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My ex and I made the right choice by mediating our divorce. No lawyers, no fighting with strangers involved... We were able to negotiate and collectively make decisions with our children in mind.

I don't know why everyone wouldn't just mediate and go through this difficult process with dignity.

- K.W.



Divorce Mediation vs Collaborative Divorce: What are The Differences?

There are many differences between these two divorce methods including cost, time to complete and approach.

The Collaborative Law Process is a hybrid between a traditional attorney-led divorce and divorce mediation.

Each party retains their own respective lawyer trained in the collaborative divorce process to represent them. Both spouses and their lawyers sign a contract called a “participation agreement” that states that they are all committed to using cooperative techniques rather than combative tactics to resolve custody, support, etc.

In the Collaborative Process, a series of meetings take place between both spouses and both lawyers and possibly other outside professionals such as a divorce coach or therapist, child specialist, accountants or financial planners as needed to negotiate and try to come to agreement on the issues.

If agreement cannot successfully be reached on all relevant divorce issues using the Collaborative Divorce Process, the lawyers will be disqualified from representing the two parties as they continue into the litigation process.

While for some problematic cases, Collaborative Process can be worth a try before resorting to divorce litigation, it can get very expensive and drawn-out, and there are no guarantees of success.


Divorce Mediation:

In the mediation process, there are three participants working together in direct negotiations: each spouse and one mediator.

The mediator is neutral and helps the two parties negotiate directly to resolve all required issues pertaining to their divorce. Couples have direct input into the terms of their agreement.

In mediation, there is no "us against them" as the goal of the mediator is to help the parties reach an agreement they are both satisfied with and that keeps their children front and center.

Mediation takes less time to complete, costs significantly less and produces better outcomes for divorcing couples and their kids.


More about the differences between Collaborative Law and Divorce Mediation.

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How Long Does The Divorce Mediation Process Take?

Most couples need just 1 to 4 sessions with the divorce mediator and on average, the family mediation process takes eight to twelve weeks (2-3 months) from start to finish.

Some of that time is spent gathering documents and submitting them to the mediator, some is spent negotiating the issues and some is spent drafting the divorce agreement (which in mediation is called a Memorandum of Understanding) and other paperwork.

The good news is that the speed and length of the divorce mediation process is entirely within the divorcing couple's control!


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What Does Divorce Mediation Cost?

Divorce mediation costs and fees vary significantly based on the experience and skill level of the mediator, the scope of services they include and individual case complexities.

They also vary from state-to-state.

Every mediator has his/her own fee structure, but the average cost of a mediated divorce is generally between $7,000 and $10,000.

Fees for our services vary depending on case complexity and mediation package selected.

And the good news is even the most complex mediation still costs significantly less than a traditional attorney-driven process, collaborative law process or litigated divorce.


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I would unequivocally recommend mediation for couples who have made the decision to divorce.

There was so much sadness and pain involved in the decision to end our marriage, and it was almost unbearable to imagine a potentially contentious legal process ahead of us.

We were so relieved when we began to explore the option of mediation, and decided to work with Equitable Mediation because of Cheryl and Joe's blend of professional and personal experience, and their compassionate and open style of communication.

It was also a great relief to know what our costs were upfront, rather than worry about ongoing legal expenses.

Despite the fact that we ended our marriage, my ex-husband and I respect one another deeply and it was so important to us that we be able to get through our divorce in a way that reflected that, and that kept the well-being of our children at the forefront.

We will always be grateful to Cheryl and Joe for making that possible.

- C.M.



How Do Mediation Sessions Take Place?

Divorce mediation sessions take place in-person or online via conference call and meeting software.

In fact, we pioneered the use of online divorce mediation and have been offering it for more than 10 years. It's so popular, that 95% of our clients choose to mediate this way!

Online mediation provides couples a modern and convenient dispute resolution solution and is beneficial for spouses who live or work far apart geographically, have busy schedules, travel frequently or are simply not comfortable sitting in the same room together based on their relationship dynamic or the conflict level between them.


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How to Choose a Competent and Experienced Divorce Mediator

For many couples, the decision to mediate is a very smart choice. But divorce mediation is an unregulated profession and there's no such thing as a certified mediator (other than a term some mediation associations designate to their members), so it’s also critically important to hire a competent mediator.

There are four characteristics of an experienced and competent mediator for divorce:

  1. The ability to expertly guide two opposing parties through a complex negotiation and ultimately to settlement while remaining neutral at all times;
  2. The ability to create a series of settlement options for the parties to discuss and consider based on the mediator's involvement with a variety of other cases similar to theirs;
  3. A command of the complex financial matters surrounding divorce;
  4. A comprehensive knowledge of and ability to remain current on the issues that may impact a couple's divorce settlement.

Some divorce attorneys feel that attending law school provides them the skills they need in order to practice mediation.

But while they may have a grasp of family law, they may or may not know how to be an effective mediator. And they may not know how to be fully neutral. They also may not have the financial acumen required to resolve the many complex financial issues surrounding divorce.

Non-attorney mediators may have taken a mediation training class and understand basic mediation techniques, but may or may not in-depth knowledge of the issues or have the financial expertise required to be an effective mediator.

The key is to choose a mediator who has been professionally trained, knows the issues that need resolution, is truly neutral, has mediated hundreds of cases and is skilled in resolving the complex financial matters surrounding divorce.

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Mediation was a great tool for us to keep the divorce as amicable as possible. We chose Equitable Mediation and it gave us a chance to work with an unbiased third party who had OUR best interests in mind – not lawyers who fight for each person individually.

We were able to come to an agreement fairly easily because Joe showed us the numbers, asked questions and explained things thoroughly. It wasn’t some canned approach of 'you get this, you get that,' but instead a real negotiation tailored for our situation.

We saved thousands of dollars compared to friends of mine who used lawyers to 'fight it out,' and came out of mediation with a clear plan that we both agreed to - and our actual court hearing was a breeze.

- G.B.



How to Get Started with Divorce Mediation at Equitable Mediation.

Mediate with Equitable MediationThere's a big difference between a highly skilled, neutral third party divorce mediator who can successfully guide you to resolution in a fair and equitable way versus a lawyer who is a one-sided advocate and not necessarily interested in settlement, but rather in winning at all costs – even at the expense of the other party, your children or your family.

Getting divorced without lawyers is possible if you choose Equitable Mediation - a peaceful, fair and cost-effective alternative.

If you and your husband or wife have both agreed to divorce, want to mediate, are ready to start the process, and live in New Jersey, Illinois, Pennsylvania, California, New York, Washington, or Michigan, take the next step and book an initial mediation meeting for the two of you.

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Meet the Equitable Mediation Team

Divorce Without Attorneys!

Get our Free eBook to learn even more about the benefits of mediating your divorce.

Before you go out and hire a divorce lawyer and battle in court, learn why you owe it to yourself and your children to mediate instead.

10 Compelling Reasons to Mediate. Get the Free eBook!



Do We Need to Have Everything Figured Out Before Starting The Mediation Process?

No! The only thing you need to agree on is the decision mediate itself. Your mediator (if you choose wisely), is a skilled professional who will help you negotiate all issues.

In fact, many couples specifically wait until mediation to discuss all of the issues.

Divorce is a complex matter and you may not “know what you don’t know” when it comes to the issues you need to identify, discuss and resolve in order to come to a complete agreement.

By working through the issues in mediation, you can be assured that everything will be discussed thoroughly - in the proper order and given the necessary time and attention it deserves.


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While you might think a lawyer is the best choice, they really get a good part of the money that would be otherwise distributed amongst the two of you and your children.

If you are smart people, you can accomplish the discussions timely and cost-effectively with the guidance of a good mediator.

- R.M.



If I am Mediating, Can I Also Have an Attorney?

There is no legal requirement that you must have an attorney and many people specifically choose not to involve attorneys in their divorce.

However, there are some people who feel the need to have a single meeting with a family law attorney after mediation and others who may feel the need to speak to one throughout the mediation process.

This is YOUR divorce so if at any time during or after the mediation process, you’d like to get a lawyer’s perspective on a particular issue(s), you are within your rights (and encouraged) to do so.


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Can Divorce Mediation be Binding?

Like many decisions in divorce, the answer to the question can mediation be binding is up to you and your spouse.

While the two of you are mediating, you both still reserve the right to change your mind at any time during the negotiations. So during the negotiation phase of the process, mediation is not binding.

But once all issues are resolved and agreed upon, drafted into a proper document by a qualified professional, signed by both parties (you and your spouse), and approved by the courts, the agreements made will become binding.


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Who Pays for Divorce Mediation?

Who pays for mediation is up to the parties (you and your spouse) to decide.

Since both spouses benefit from the mediator's guidance and expertise, most couples choose to pay for mediation together (equally).

However, on occasion, one spouse may choose to pay for the total mediation fee him/herself.

But no matter who pays for mediation, one mediator is far less expensive than two attorneys. And if each spouse hired their own attorney, they'd be separately responsible for those costs.


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What are Some Tips on Preparing for Divorce Mediation?

Choosing to use mediation is a great first step towards making your divorce go as smoothly as possible. But here are some additional tips to ensure the divorce mediation process and your case stays on track:

  • Hire an experienced, competent and highly skilled divorce mediator. Mediation is an unregulated profession in the United States, and the complex matters that need to be resolved require expertise that only comes with training, certifications, continuing education and years of experience in the field.
  • Be ready and willing to cooperate. In order for any mediation session to be productive, each spouse must be willing to negotiate to find middle ground.
  • Don't make financial commitments before your divorce agreement is worked out. All assets and liabilities aren't equal in a divorce and many of the issues that need to be resolved can impact other seemingly unrelated issues. To avoid creating an agreement that could be financially favorable to only one party and not the other, it's wise to wait until you are working with a mediator skilled in the finances of divorce.
  • Make a conscious choice to balance both the tactical and emotional aspects of the process and address each equally. This will enable you to complete the divorce and mediation process as quickly, confidently and productively as possible.

More tips on preparing for divorce mediation and a divorce mediation checklist.

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What if we want a separation instead of a divorce? Can you help us with that?


Whether you are divorcing or separating, the issues that need to be resolved are the same and the mediation process itself is the same.

The difference is in what you choose to do with your Agreement after mediation is completed.

If you and your spouse are seeking a separation agreement, want to mediate, are ready to start the process, and live in a state we practice in, take the next step and book an initial mediation meeting for the two of you.

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What if we're already divorced and need to modify our divorce agreement?

It’s been some time since you mediated your divorce with us, and circumstances – financial or otherwise, may have changed for you or your ex. You want to modify your divorce agreement, but you don’t want to have to go back to court and spend a fortune or years of your life fighting things out.

Mediation provides the perfect forum for your post-divorce decree issues and disputes.

No matter what the circumstances, mediation is the best way to discuss, modify, negotiate and resolve post-divorce issues in a peaceful, cost-effective and solutions-oriented environment.


If you and your now ex-spouse mediated your divorce with us, you can take advantage of our post-divorce mediation service which includes:

  • Modification of Child Custody, Parenting Plans and Time Sharing Arrangements;
  • Modification of Child Support and redistributing ordinary and extraordinary expenses;
  • Modification of Alimony / Spousal Support / Maintenance / Spousal Maintenance.

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